Blood pressure indicates the force of circulating blood in your vessels. The standard normal measurement for adults is 120/80 whereby:
- 120 is the systolic pressure (blood pressure when the heart beats)
- 80 is the diastolic pressure (blood pressure between heartbeats).
Blood pressure for Adults
|Category||Systolic (mmHg)||Diastolic (mmHg)|
|Hypotension||< 90||> 60|
|Normal||90 – 119||60- 79|
|Prehypertension||120 – 139||80- 89|
|Hypertension||≥ 140||≥ 90|
Blood pressure for Children
|Age||Systolic (mmHg)||Diastolic (mmHg)|
|3 to 5 years old||104- 116||63- 74|
|6 to 9 years old||108- 121||71- 81|
|10 to 12 years old||114- 127||77 – 83|
Note: It is also dependant on height and gender.
If anyone in your family happened to be suffering from hypotension (low blood pressure), hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes, please invest in a good blood pressure monitor. At my home, I bought the Omron blood pressure reader that comes with heart rate readings and memory. Fortunately a friend of mine opened a pharmacy so she sold it to me at a discount.
I would think that everyone should have an electronic blood pressure reader at home- especially since most city folks lead highly pressurized life. A number of my friends had normal BP when they first started working (as proven by the medical checkup when they first joined their companies). But 5 or 10 years down the line working on deadlines, huge projects, higher and higher deliverables (that of course comes with higher increment and bonus) gave them lots of stress. With the stress, unhealthy eating habits, no time to exercise, their chronically elevated high blood pressure eventually develop into high blood pressure that requires medication. Therefore, with a blood pressure reader at home, any abnormalities can be detected.
Another thing that you may want to take note of- some individuals may have their own range of optimal blood pressure. For example, 90/60 may be considered as low. But my mom’s blood pressure had always been 90/60 throughout her twenties- and she was active and healthy. When she was pregnant with me and diagnosed with papilledema and high intracranial pressure, the doctors was initially puzzled that her readings were 120/80, which falls under the normal range for adults. When my mom informed them that she used to have consist BP of 90/60, the doctors then realized that while 120/80 may be normal for most people, it was high for her. Therefore, the chart above is only a general guide.